Tics are defined, rather vaguely, in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) nosology as a recurrent, non-rhythmic series of movements (of a non-voluntary nature) in one or several muscle groups.
Read this article for a thorough examination of the nature of tics, their dynamics and effects
COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL MANAGEMENT OF TIC DISORDERS
A :acrobat: copy of the article is attached to this post.
The following Topics are discussed in this article:
- WHAT COUNTS AS A TIC?
COMORBIDITY AND COVARIATION
RELATIONSHIP OF TICS WITH OTHER DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIORS
COPING STRATEGIES--MAINTAINING THE TIC CYCLE