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Thread: Tourette Syndrome And ADHD Frequently Occur Together

  1. #1
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    Post Tourette Syndrome And ADHD Frequently Occur Together

    Tourette Syndrome And ADHD Frequently Occur Together
    Science Daily
    April 20, 2009

    copy of this article is attached for download / printing

    University of Calgary
    The most disabling aspect of Tourette syndrome is that in 90% of cases, it exists in conjunction with another disorder. The most frequent co-occurring condition in people with Tourette is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, though the cause of this association is uncertain. Having one disorder can be disabling enough, but having two means coping with more than twice the disability.

    090415102134.jpg
    Dr. Tamara Pringsheim and a nine year-old Tourette syndrome patient.

    The most disabling aspect of Tourette syndrome is that in 90% of cases, it exists in conjunction with another disorder. The most frequent co-occurring condition in people with Tourette is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), though the cause of this association is uncertain. Having one disorder can be disabling enough, but having two means coping with more than twice the disability.

    New research published in the April 13 edition of the Journal of Developmental and Behavioural Pediatrics by University of Calgary and University of Toronto researchers looked at nearly 400 children with Tourette syndrome to try to understand the connection between these two disorders. Their findings show that while Tourette and ADHD have a major genetic component, there are potentially preventable perinatal factors that increase the risk of a co-occurring diagnosis of ADHD in children with Tourette.

    "We know that perinatal stress is a risk factor for ADHD alone. If you were low birth weight, if your mother smoked during pregnancy, or if you were born prematurely, all these things increase the risk of ADHD," says Dr. Tamara Pringsheim, Director, Calgary Tourette Syndrome Clinic, a University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine professor and lead author on the study.

    To examine the link between Tourette and ADHD, the researchers looked at a population of children that had Tourette syndrome with or without ADHD and compared rates of perinatal risk factors such as low birth weight, prematurity, and maternal smoking in each group. Researchers found that the children exposed to these perinatal risks were two to three times as likely to develop Tourette syndrome with ADHD, suggesting that these factors play a role in the development of ADHD in children with Tourette as well.

    Pringsheim, a neurologist and researcher says the important information from this research is for people at risk genetically for Tourette syndrome to take precautions when planning a family by "not smoking, trying to ensure a healthy weight for the baby, and receiving appropriate medical care." Quality of life in children with Tourette syndrome is most importantly determined by the severity of ADHD symptoms; anything one can do to minimize the chances of a co-occurring diagnosis of ADHD will allow children a greater chance of success and happiness in their life.

    Laura Locke is a board member of the Tourette Syndrome Foundation of Canada and became involved with the foundation when her son was diagnosed with Tourette syndrome at the age of 10. "Research into Tourette syndrome is vital. We have seen the difference it can make to have accurate information about this disorder and better medications," she says.

    Tourette syndrome has a great spectrum of severity. People with Tourette have motor and vocal tics -- rapid, repetitive, meaningless movements and sounds. Common motor tics include forceful blinking, opening the eyes wide, head shaking and grimacing, while the most common vocal tics are sniffing, throat clearing and grunting. Some people are very mildly affected, while others have more severe symptoms which make the disorder more noticeable and disabling. It is believed that Tourette syndrome affects about 1 in 100 people; however, many people do not seek medical attention for the disorder because the symptoms are so mild.

    "There are a lot of misconceptions out there about people who suffer from Tourette. The images we see on TV and movies are completely false. I have some patients who have severe tics, but less than 10% of patients with Tourette syndrome swear. It's uncommon," says Pringsheim.

    Tamara Pringsheim is Director of the Calgary Tourette Syndrome Clinic and Clinical Assistant Professor with the Departments of Clinical Neurosciences and Pediatrics University of Calgary. She is also a member of the Institute for Child and Maternal Health at the U of C.

    The study is funded by the Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR).

  2. #2
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    Default Re: Tourette Syndrome And ADHD Frequently Occur Together

    Hi Steve,
    Thanks for posting. It's great to see the work of Dr. Tamara Pringsheim in the media.
    Tina
    Tina, Forum Moderator, TSFC Staff Liaison

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    Default Re: Tourette Syndrome And ADHD Frequently Occur Together

    The ADHD is the worst aspect of this for me. Though it has it's advantages as well, if you go into the military or something else that can take advantage of the way perception is shaped in ADHD. I'm not disparaging that, most of my family and friends are or have been in the military. It's just that ADHD and science don't go so well together. At least not the way science is structured as an enterprise right now. I'm still working on properly structuring my life around it.

    Oddly enough the nicotine does help though.

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    Default Re: Tourette Syndrome And ADHD Frequently Occur Together

    Thinking about it a little more I was too hasty in suggesting that the ADHD advantages are only good in a military type setting. I guess I can't really say that for sure, it's just that all the examples I know of how it can work as a benefit have been in that setting and I was raised in a military family. I really don't have a lot of good examples of making it work in other settings and I'm trying to find scientists or engineering types with ADHD to ask about how they make it work. I may have been letting some of my current pessimism get to me.

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    Default Re: Tourette Syndrome And ADHD Frequently Occur Together

    Quote Originally Posted by Flutterguy
    I really don't have a lot of good examples of making it work in other settings

    151 Positive Characteristics of People with Attention Deficit Disorder.
    Pete Quily
    Adult ADD Coach

    Too many view ADHD as mere pathology. They only see the negatives of ADHD. As an adult ADHD coach who has ADHD, I know there are real negatives to having ADHD.

    But, if disease and disorder are the main lenses through which you view us because that’s all you’re looking for, you will miss out on our positive characteristics.

    While it is important to deal with our challenges, you don’t make a great living and a great life by primarily focusing on what you’re not good at.

    What you focus on expands:
    Ability to find alternate paths to overcome obstacles
    Able to take on large situations
    Adaptive/collaborative
    Adventurous, courageous, lives outside of boundaries
    Always finding alternate routes to any given location.
    Always willing to help others
    Ambitious – you want to be everything when “you grow up”
    Artistic
    Attractive personality – magnetic due to high energy
    Being able to see the big picture
    Being able to see the patterns in the chaos.
    Being intuitive towards others’ difficulties
    Broad focus – can see more, notice things more
    Can create order from chaos
    Can do many projects at once
    Can make people feel they are heard
    Can see the big picture
    Can talk about several things at one time
    Can think on my feet
    Career variety
    Centre of attention
    Comfortable talking in front of groups
    Comfortable with change and chaos
    Compassion for others and for themselves
    Conceptualizes well
    Confidence
    Constantly evolving
    Courageous
    Creates connections easily
    Creative
    Creative writing
    Creative – musical, artistic, “dramatic”
    Good in a crisis
    Good at customer relations
    Dedicated
    Detail-oriented
    Determined to gain more control
    Eager to make friends
    Eager to try new things
    Empathetic, sensitive
    Energetic
    Entrepreneurial
    Excellent organizers using journals and reminders (notes etc.)
    Flexible – changes as the situation requires
    Fun guy to be around
    Goal-oriented
    Good at conceptualizing
    Good at motivating self and others
    Good at multitasking
    Good at problem solving
    Good at public speaking
    Good at understanding others/mind reading – empathetic
    Good conversationalist
    Good delegator and good at organizing others
    Good in emergency situations
    Good listener
    Good looking and aware of it
    Good people skills
    Good self esteem, energetic
    Great brain-stormer
    Great multitasker
    Great self-company
    Great sense of humour
    Great storyteller
    Great with kids (central figure around kids)
    Hands-on workers
    Hard worker
    Has friendly relations with their family
    Has the gift of gab
    Helpful
    Helps others who are also in trouble
    High energy – go, go, go
    Humour, very healthy, quick picking up ideas
    Hyper focus !!
    Hypersensitive – very empathetic and good at non-verbal communications
    Idea generator
    Imaginative
    Impulsive (in a good way) not afraid to act
    Initiators
    Intelligent
    Intuitive
    It’s ok to not finish everything
    Learning as much as I can to help children and others with adhd
    Less sleep is good (midnight to 6 am)
    Like to talk a lot
    Likes learning new things
    Look at multidimensional sides to a situation
    Lots of interests
    Loves to cook and be creative
    Magnetic
    Master idea generator
    Mentoring others/helpful
    Mentoring people with low self esteem
    Modesty
    Move on fast – never hold a grudge
    Multitasks well
    Never bored and rarely boring
    Never intimidated to try new things
    Non-linear, multi-dimensional/edge of chaos
    Not afraid to speak mind
    Not contained by boundaries.
    On stage and ready
    Optimistic
    Outgoing
    Passionate
    Persistent
    Philosophical
    Holistic thinking
    Playful
    Pragmatic
    Problem solver
    Profound
    Quick thinking
    Quick witted
    Relates to people easily
    Resistant
    Resourceful
    Saves money in the short term by forgetting to file tax returns
    See and remember details – recount them later
    Sees the big picture
    Socially adaptive and flexible.
    Spontaneous
    Stabilizer during difficult situations
    Stable
    Successful
    Takes initiative
    Tenacious
    Theoretical
    Think outside the box
    Thinks 2 meters ahead of the world
    Thinks big, dreams big
    Thorough
    Tolerant
    Unconventional
    Unlimited energy
    Unorthodox
    Versatile
    Very creative, able to generate a lot of ideas
    Very hard working to compensate – workaholic
    Very intuitive
    Very resourceful
    Very successful
    Visionary
    Visual learner
    Willing to explore
    Willing to take risks
    Willingness to help others
    Witty
    Won’t tolerate boredom
    Works well under pressure
    Worldly

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